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CHILDHOOD INFECTIOUS DISEASES

CHILDHOOD INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Kids are more prone to falling sick than adults are. This is naturally because their immune systems are less exposed to germs, in comparison to adults.

Childhood infectious diseases sharjah

  • There are some illnesses and infections that are very common among children. Most of them are relatively harmless and can be treated at home.
  • It’s important to have a thorough understanding of these illnesses and infections. This will help you identify an uncommon illness in your child more easily.

Some of the common childhood infections are:

  • Common flu
  • Baby Ear infections
  • Stomach flu
  • Infectious diarrhoea
  • Throat infections
  • Urinary infections
  • Common flu:
  • Colds are caused by viruses in the upper respiratory tract. In the first three years of life alone, most children have eight to ten colds. And if there are older school-age children in your house, you may see even more, since colds easily pass from one child to another. Symptoms of a cold including runny nose, sneezing, lower fever, congestion, and cough may last for up to ten days. If your child has a typical cold without major problems, the symptoms should go away slowly after seven to ten days.

  • Baby Ear Infections:
  • An ear infection is an inflammation of the middle ear, usually caused by bacteria, that occurs when fluid builds up behind the eardrum. Anyone can get an ear infection, but babies and children get them more often than adults. Five out of six children will have at least one ear infection by their toddler period. In fact, ear infections are the most common reason parents bring their child to a doctor. The scientific name for an ear infection is otitis media (OM).

    Some of the many causes of ear infection and contributing risk factors include:

    • upper respiratory tract infections
    • sudden changes in air pressure – such as during airline travel
    • smaller than average Eustachian tubes, or a blocked Eustachian tube
    • cleft palate
    • swimming in polluted water
    • failing to dry the outer ear properly after swimming or bathing
    • Overzealous cleaning of the ears, which can scratch the delicate tissues.
  • Stomach flu:
  • Unlike the seasonal flu, a respiratory infection caused by the influenza virus, “stomach flu” refers to several viruses that cause the intestines to become inflamed. A common cause of stomach flu is norovirus. If your baby or child has had several bouts of vomiting or diarrhoea, he or she will need to replace lost fluids and electrolytes. If you are breastfeeding, continue to give your baby breast milk. Breast milk has fluids and electrolytes needed to prevent dehydration. If you feed your baby formula, try switching to one that is lactose-free while your baby is sick. Lactose can make diarrhoea worse. Your doctor may also want you to give your baby an oral rehydration solution (ORS).

  • Infectious diarrhoea:
  • Toddler’s diarrhoea is a common cause of persistent (chronic) diarrhoea in young children. It mainly affects children between the ages of 1 and 5 years and is more common in boys. Toddler’s diarrhoea is not serious and the child remains well. The diarrhoea will go as the child becomes older. The diet of young children is often not ideal and is thought to contribute to the cause.

    Symptoms include three or more watery loose stools (bowel motions) per day, the stools are often more smelly and pale than usual, mild tummy (abdominal) pain sometimes occurs but is unusual. Many toddlers develop eating and drinking habits that are not ideal and these may contribute to causing diarrhoea. The diarrhoea will often stop if the child: has a good amount of fat in the diet (whole milk, etc) and has meals that include a normal amount of fibre (but not a high-fibre diet).

  • Throat Infection:
  • A sore throat is pain, scratchiness or irritation in the throat that often worsens when you swallow. The most common cause of a sore throat (pharyngitis) is a viral infection, such as a cold or the flu. A sore throat caused by a virus resolves on its own.

    Symptoms of a sore throat can vary depending on the cause. Signs and symptoms might include:

  • Pain or a scratchy sensation in the throat
  • Pain that worsens with swallowing or talking
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Sore, swollen glands in your neck or jaw
  • Swollen, red tonsils
  • White patches or pus on your tonsils
  • A hoarse or muffled voice

Take your child to a doctor if your child’s sore throat doesn’t go away with the first drink in the morning, recommends the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Get immediate care if your child has severe signs and symptoms such as:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Unusual drooling, which might indicate an inability to swallow

The best way to prevent sore throats is to avoid the germs that cause them and practice good hygiene.

Prevent Repeated Infections

  • Wash your hands and your child’s hands often. Wash after using the bathroom and when preparing food. Also wash after sneezing, blowing your nose, and coughing. Scrub your hands for at least 20 seconds with soap and water.
  • If you smoke, stop. Until you quit completely, smoke only outside of your home and outside of your car. Smoking in a room away from your child does not help. Air filters also do not help protect your child from secondhand smoke.
  • Vaccinate your child against common childhood diseases. The American Academy of Family Physicians recommends immunizing all children and adolescents 0-18 years of age unless contraindicated.

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