Factors like ageing and sun damage are the main causes of loss of collagen within the skin. Collagen is very important for the skin to return to its original shape. During facial expressions, the muscles underneath the skin are constantly creasing the skin above. Over time, the skin in unable to regain its smooth surface and this results in lines and wrinkles
Ageing Natural process of ageing results in loss of collagen
UV exposure Sun and other sources of ultraviolet radiation destroy the collagen and hinder its production
Genetics Some people are genetically more predisposed to age faster than other. Ethnicity also plays a big role.
Lifestyle Diet, exercise, smoking, stress and environmental exposures all play a role in ageing skin.
Repeated expressions Certain professions like acting require more use of facial muscles which lead to more wrinkles and creases
Neuro modulators like Botulinum toxin (Botox) are the most effective treatment options available. Once the underlying muscles are relaxed, other treatments are advisable to improve the collagen production of the skin. The other treatments are: